The Geopolitical Shift: Sweden’s NATO Membership and the Ongoing Ukraine Conflict

Christian Baghai
3 min readFeb 27, 2024

As the world watches the unfolding events in Eastern Europe, two significant developments have captured the attention of international observers: Sweden’s long-awaited NATO membership and the persistent war in Ukraine as it enters its third year.

Sweden’s Path to NATO Membership

After nearly two years of anticipation, Hungary’s parliament has finally approved Sweden’s bid to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), marking a historic shift in Sweden’s foreign policy. This approval was the last hurdle for Sweden, as all member states of NATO need to ratify a new country’s request before it can join the alliance.

The journey to this point has been fraught with diplomatic negotiations and political maneuvering. Sweden, along with its neighbor Finland, applied to join NATO in May 2022, a decision propelled by Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine. The move represented a departure from Sweden’s 200-year history of neutrality, signaling a new era in its defense strategy.

Hungary’s delay in ratifying Sweden’s membership raised tensions within the alliance and highlighted the complex interplay of international relations. However, the recent meeting between Swedish Prime Minister Ulf Kristersson and…

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